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我國汽車貨運產業導入績效運籌模式之研究-以貨車租賃為例

我國汽車貨運產業導入績效運籌模式之研究-以貨車租賃為例

書籍介紹

公路汽車貨運產業為關鍵物流服務業,承運國內內陸運輸95%以上之貨量,有必要隨著國際發展趨勢,發展多元創新及具彈性之營運模式。歐美國家大貨車租賃已行之有年,近年更採用績效運籌模式(Performance-based Logistics, PBL),將單純大貨車採購或租賃轉為以無形「大貨車運行績效」為交易主體,不僅提高車輛運行績效與行車安全性,且降低了車輛供應商與貨運業者雙方的整體營業成本,同時提高貨運業者的運具生產力及營運彈性。
本研究首先就國內外績效運籌模式應用現況,系統性蒐集相關文獻及案例進行回顧,尤其著重於貨運相關產業之應用,其次,透過深入訪談,實際了解貨車供應鏈業者經營現況與挑戰,以及對導入績效運籌模式的看法及意見,並針對我國汽車貨運產業引進績效運籌模式之策略可行性進行分析,進一步探討國內貨運業者及利害關係人於導入績效運籌模式時可能帶來的永續效益及推動阻礙,包括貨車供應鏈產業、績效運籌營運模式、相關法規等面向之探討,並以重車為我國貨運產業導入績效運籌模式優先之對象,探討曳引車供應鏈導入績效運籌模式後可產生之經濟、環境及社會效益進行評估。
最後,全面檢討相關法制現況,並提出法制更新之修正方向建議,據此勾勒出理想藍圖架構,提出未來國家發展貨車績效運籌模式的理想產業及法制結構,期以更健全的法制環境為圭臬及指引,輔以整合的資訊、物流及金流平台為基礎建設,從車輛供應商到貨運關聯水平產業以至於收貨客戶,將車輛供應鏈有效串連起來,追求貨運車隊運行績效之改善,進而達成貨運永續績效指標之提升,以做為未來國家研擬推動績效運籌模式所需創新政策與執行方案之參考。

目次

第一章 緒論
1.1 研究背景 ····································································1-1
1.2 研究範圍與目標 ···························································1-2
1.3 研究內容與工作項目 ·····················································1-2
1.4 研究方法 ····································································1-4
1.5 研究流程 ····································································1-7
第二章 績效運籌關鍵文獻回顧
2.1 生命週期管理 LIFE CYCLE MANAGEMENT (LCM) ············2-1
2.2 績效契約 PERFORMANCE-BASED CONTRACT (PBC) ·········2-11
2.3 績效運籌 PERFORMANCE-BASED LOGISTICS (PBL) ·········2-23
2.4 企業永續管理之優勢 ····················································2-41
2.5 小結 ··········································································2-46
第三章 國內汽車貨運產業及貨車供需現況與趨勢分析
3.1 汽車貨運業產業發展現況 ···············································3-1
3.2 貨車供應趨勢分析 ························································3-8
3.3 汽車貨運產業及貨車供應鏈營運現況與挑戰 ·······················3-12
3.4 小結 ··········································································3-16
第四章 歐、美、日法制現況
4.1 歐盟貨運法制 ·····························································4-1
4.2 美國貨車運輸法制 ························································4-8
4.3 日本汽車貨運及租賃法規 ···············································4-25
4.4 標竿國家汽車貨運法規比較 ···········································4-31
4.5 小結 ··········································································4-38
第五章 美國汽車貨運產業發展及貨運業標竿案例
5.1 美國汽車貨運產業綜覽 ·················································5-1
5.2 萊德公司 (RYDER)·······················································5-8
5.3 史奈德公司(SCHNEIDER NATIONAL)案例·························5-21
5.4 綜合分析與討論 ··························································5-27
5.5 小結 ··········································································5-32
第六章 國內五大重車供應商核心市場供應模式
6.1 達富重車(DAF TRUCKS)················································6-1
6.2 永德福汽車(SCANIA) ···················································6-13
6.3 富豪汽車(VOLVO) ·······················································6-2
6.4 三菱重車(FUSO) ··························································6-27
6.5 日野重車(HINO)···························································6-33
6.6 國際重車大廠車輛供應與回收模式比較分析·······················6-40
6.7 小結 ··········································································6-43
第七章 發展貨車績效運籌模式策略可行性分析
7.1 推動貨車績效運籌模式之價值主張 ···································7-1
7.2 貨車績效運籌模式符合聯合國永續發展目標 ·······················7-4
7.3 國內貨車供應市場及商業模式現況探討 ·····························7-6
7.4 供應鏈核心成員商業風險因素分析 ···································7-9
7.5 推動關鍵經濟與環境績效指標量化分析 ·····························7-10
7.6 推動貨車績效運籌營運模式系統化綜合永續績效指標評析 ·····7-14
7.7 小結 ··········································································7-16
第八章 發展貨車績效運籌模式法制更新課題探討
8.1 貨車績效運籌之概念 ·····················································8-1
8.2 貨車租賃法制更新探討 ·················································8-4
8.3 重車司機、技師管理規範及關稅法制更新探討····················8-29
8.4 托運行(貨運經紀)法制更新探討 ·······································8-41
8.5 營業/自用車牌法制更新探討 ···········································8-51
8.6 貨車績效運籌模式推動組織 ············································8-58
8.7 小結 ··········································································8-60
第九章 導入績效運籌模式之藍圖構想與推動政策探討
9.1 推動貨車績效運籌模式產業及法制結構理想藍圖構想 ···········9-1
9.2 貨車績效運籌模式政策環境之型塑 ···································9-14
9.3 貨車績效運籌模式 12 年發展策略構想·······························9-18
第十章 結論與建議
10.1 結論·········································································10-1
10.2 建議·········································································10-3

編/著/譯者簡介

東吳大學企業管理學系 教授

序言/導讀

公路汽車貨運產業為關鍵物流服務業,承運國內內陸運輸95%以上之貨量,有必要隨著國際發展趨勢,發展多元創新及具彈性之營運模式。歐美國家大貨車租賃已行之有年,近年更採用績效運籌模式(Performance-based Logistics, PBL),將單純大貨車採購或租賃轉為以無形「大貨車運行績效」為交易主體,不僅提高車輛運行績效與行車安全性,且降低了車輛供應商與貨運業者雙方的整體營業成本,同時提高貨運業者的運具生產力及營運彈性。 本研究首先就國內外績效運籌模式應用現況,系統性蒐集相關文獻及案例進行回顧,尤其著重於貨運相關產業之應用,其次,透過深入訪談,實際了解貨車供應鏈業者經營現況與挑戰,以及對導入績效運籌模式的看法及意見,並針對我國汽車貨運產業引進績效運籌模式之策略可行性進行分析,進一步探討國內貨運業者及利害關係人於導入績效運籌模式時可能帶來的永續效益及推動阻礙,包括貨車供應鏈產業、績效運籌營運模式、相關法規等面向之探討,並以重車為我國貨運產業導入績效運籌模式優先之對象,探討曳引車供應鏈導入績效運籌模式後可產生之經濟、環境及社會效益進行評估。 最後,全面檢討相關法制現況,並提出法制更新之修正方向建議,據此勾勒出理想藍圖架構,提出未來國家發展貨車績效運籌模式的理想產業及法制結構,期以更健全的法制環境為圭臬及指引,輔以整合的資訊、物流及金流平台為基礎建設,從車輛供應商到貨運關聯水平產業以至於收貨客戶,將車輛供應鏈有效串連起來,追求貨運車隊運行績效之改善,進而達成貨運永續績效指標之提升,以做為未來國家研擬推動績效運籌模式所需創新政策與執行方案之參考。

分類 其他詳細資訊
  • 英文題名:A Study of the Performance-based Logistics Model for the Trucking Industry in Taiwan - the Role of Truck Leasing
  • 出版品網址(線上版或試閱版):連結
  • 適用對象:成人(學術性)
  • 關鍵詞:汽車貨運產業、貨車供應鏈、績效運籌模式、法制更新
  • 附件:無附件
  • 頁/張/片數:556
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  • 取得授權資訊:GPN:xxxxxxxxxx ISBN:xxx-xxx-xx-xxxx-x (平裝) 著作財產權人:中華民國(代表機關:交通部運輸研究所) 本著作保留所有權利,欲利用本著作全部或部分內容者,須徵求交通部運輸研究所 書面授權。