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文人畫最後一筆–溥心畬書畫特展

文人畫最後一筆–溥心畬書畫特展

  • ISBN/ISSN:9789575628482
  • 出版單位:國立故宮博物院
  • 開數:A4
  • 版次:初版1刷
  • 價格:定價$1200
書籍介紹

溥儒(1896-1963),字心畬,號西山逸士。因先祖為前清恭親王奕訢(1833-1898),故常於作品上鈐「舊王孫」印。早年曾隱居於西山戒臺寺,讀書作畫,年近卅返回北平,參與藝壇活動,與張大千(1899-1983)並稱為「南張北溥」。1949 年渡臺,任教於師範學院,並在家中課徒,也到日、韓、香港等地遊歷講學,詩文書畫均廣為世人推重。溥心畬學習書畫,是從家中豐富的古書畫收藏自行揣摩,師法對象,楷書以唐裴休(791-864)〈圭峰禪師碑〉為基礎,繪畫則由南宋馬遠(活動於1190-1224)、夏珪(活動於1195-1224)及明代浙派名家入手,並能融會諸家特色,發展出秀逸淡雅、溫潤清麗的風格。無論書法的行、草、篆、隸各體,繪畫的山水、樓閣、人物、花鳥、走獸等題材,無不擅長,可說是一位全能書畫家。
溥心畬曾被譽為「文人畫的最後一筆」,雖然世人推崇他詩書畫三絕,但他寧可被視為學者,教導學生也強調必須先飽讀詩書。他的畫作常取材於文學,從題材到造型,均讓人耳目一新。來臺後,對台灣風物頗多紀實性的寫生,並經常輔以長篇題記,寄意深遠。
本展遴選故宮典藏及寒玉堂託管文物中的書畫精品,展件依內容規劃成「古今連線」、「西山逸墨」、「丹青誌異」、「寶島采風」、「溥儒用印」等五個單元,同時結合相關多媒體影片的播放,具體呈現溥心畬的藝術特色與創作理念。

目次

目次 Contents
序 ........................................................................2
Foreword
展覽概述 ...........................................................8
Introduction
圖版
Plates
Ⅰ 西山逸墨
Untrammeled Ink of the Western Hills
01 民國 溥儒 寒香千古...................................... 14
Cold Fragrance of Remote Antiquity
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
02 民國 溥儒 百猿圖........................................... 16
One Hundred Gibbons
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
03 民國 溥儒 嬰戲圖........................................... 22
Children Playing
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
04 民國 溥儒 松柏圖........................................... 24
Conifers
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
05 民國 溥儒 西山草堂古松並題...................... 28
Ancient Pines at the Thatched Hut in the Western Hills
with Inscriptions
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
06 民國 溥儒 斷岩多雨氣.................................. 34
Precipitous Cliffs in a Rainy Atmosphere
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
07 民國 溥儒 劉長卿詩意.................................. 36
Poetic Sentiments of Liu Changqing
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
08 民國 溥儒 日本江之島天女神祠銘............. 38
Inscription for the Heavenly Goddess Shrine at
Enoshima in Japan
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
09 民國 溥儒 春閨回文詩.................................. 40
Palindrome on Spring
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
10 民國 溥儒 庚寅中秋詩.................................. 41
Mid-Autumn Poetry from the “Gengyin” Year
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
11 民國 溥儒 篆書七言聯.................................. 42
Seven-character Couplet in Seal Script
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
12 民國 溥儒 隸書六言聯.................................. 44
Six-character Couplet in Clerical Script
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
13 民國 溥儒 行書五言聯.................................. 45
Five-character Couplet in Running Script
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
14 民國 溥儒 楷書五言聯.................................. 46
Five-character Couplet in Regular Script
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
15 民國 溥儒 戩穀............................................... 47
Fortune and Prosperity
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
16 民國 溥儒 飛白書鳳翥.................................. 48
“Phoenixes Gather” in Flying White Calligraphy
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
17 民國 溥儒 楷書壽字 ..................................... 49
“Longevity” Character in Regular Script
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
18 民國 溥儒 書戒語訓子孝華.......................... 50
Precepts for My Son Hsiao-hua
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
19 民國 溥儒 書贈兆明...................................... 52
Gifted to Chao-ming
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
20 民國 溥儒 滿文書大學.................................. 54
The Great Learning in Manchu
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
21 民國 溥儒 朱筆書大悲咒.............................. 56
The Mantra of Great Compassion in Vermilion
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
22 民國 溥儒 指南宮碑...................................... 58
Stele for the Chih Nan Temple
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
23 民國 溥儒 新竹縣重建文廟碑...................... 60
Stele for the Hsinchu County Temple of Confucius
Reconstruction
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
24 民國 溥儒 臨書譜........................................... 62
Copy of “Essay on Calligraphy”
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
25 民國 溥儒 南遊詩草...................................... 70
Draft of Poetry on Southern Travels
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
26 民國 溥儒 賭卦序........................................... 72
Preface to a Divination on Gambling
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
27 民國 溥儒 寒玉堂論畫.................................. 74
Discourse on Painting from the Cold Jade Hall
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
28 民國 溥儒 西山南遊二集.............................. 76
Western Hills, Southern Travels: Volume 2
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
Ⅱ 古今連線
Linking Past and Present
29 民國 溥儒 臨惠崇野塘畫意.......................... 80
Copying Huichong’s Painting Idea of a Rustic Bank
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
30 宋 惠崇 秋浦雙鴛........................................... 82
Pair of Ducks on an Autumn Bank
Huichong (ca. 965-1017), Song dynasty
31 民國 溥儒 臨唐人奚官調馬圖...................... 84
Copy of “Official Taming a Horse” by a Tang Artist
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
32 傳宋 馬遠 松間吟月...................................... 86
Chanting to the Moon Among Pines
Attributed to Ma Yuan (fl. 1190-1224), Song dynasty
33 民國 溥儒 松下賞月...................................... 88
Viewing the Moon Below a Pine
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
34 民國 溥儒 林巒煙雨...................................... 90
Forested Peaks in Mist and Rain
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
35 元 方從義 山陰雲雪...................................... 91
Clouds and Snow at Shanyin
Fang Congyi (ca. 1301-after 1378), Yuan dynasty
36 民國 溥儒 水閣清寒靜似秋.......................... 92
Waterside Pavilion Cold and Quiet Like in Autumn
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
37 明 唐寅 震澤煙樹........................................... 94
Misty Trees at Zhenze
Tang Yin (1470-1524), Ming dynasty
Ⅲ 丹青誌異
Records of the Unusual in Painting
38 民國 溥儒 太平廣記故事.............................. 98
Stories from Extensive Records of the Taiping Era
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
39 民國 溥儒 貓鼠墨戲.....................................112
Ink Play of Cat and Mice
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
40 民國 溥儒 嫦娥..............................................113
Chang’e
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
41 民國 溥儒 觀音..............................................114
Guanyin
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
42 民國 溥儒 白描觀音.....................................116
Guanyin in “Baimiao”
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
43 民國 溥儒 研朱觀音.....................................118
Guanyin in Vermilion
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
44 民國 溥儒 壽星..............................................120
The God of Longevity
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
45 民國 溥儒 關公..............................................121
Guan Gong
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
46 民國 溥儒 奎星戲斗.....................................122
The God of Examinations
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
47 民國 溥儒 周孝侯斬蛟圖.............................123
Zhou Xiaohou Beheading a Scaly Dragon
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
48 民國 溥儒 朱筆鍾馗.....................................124
Zhong Kui in Vermilion
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
49 民國 溥儒 終南進士降妖.............................126
The Presented Scholar of Zhongnan Quelling Goblins
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
50 民國 溥儒 鍾馗嫁妹.....................................128
Zhong Kui Marrying Off His Younger Sister
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
51 民國 溥儒 鍾馗..............................................132
Zhong Kui
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
52 民國 溥儒 神異圖..........................................134
Illustrations from The Classic of Deities and the
Extraordinary
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
53 民國 溥儒 鬼趣圖..........................................146
Strange Ghosts
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
54 民國 溥儒 西遊記..........................................154
Journey to the West
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
Ⅳ 寶島采風
Selected Facets of Formosa
55 民國 溥儒 帚生菌..........................................168
Broom Growing Mold
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
56 民國 溥儒 螔蝓..............................................169
Snail
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
57 民國 溥儒 畫海石..........................................170
Sea Rock
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
58 民國 溥儒 奇石花籃.....................................172
Ornamental Rock and a Flower Basket
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
59 民國 溥儒 變葉木賦.....................................174
Ode on Garden Croton
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
60 民國 溥儒 太魯閣記.....................................176
Record of Taroko Gorge
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
61 民國 溥儒 石門銘并序.................................178
Shimen Inscription with a Preface
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
62 民國 溥儒 木槿圖..........................................180
Hibiscus
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
63 民國 溥儒 水薑花..........................................182
Ginger Lily Blossoms
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
64 民國 溥儒 萵苣..............................................183
Lettuce
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
65 民國 溥儒 北山雨中寫生.............................184
Northern Mountains in Rain Sketched from Life
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
66 民國 溥儒 魚蝦..............................................186
Fish and Shrimp
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
67 民國 溥儒 設色菜蔬.....................................188
Vegetables in Color
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
68 民國 溥儒 番人射鹿圖.................................192
Aborigines Hunting a Deer
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
69 民國 溥儒 玉峰雪景.....................................198
Snow Scene at Jade Peak
Pu Hsin-yu (1896-1963), Republican period
Ⅴ 溥儒用印
Seals Used by Pu Hsin-yu
70 民國 陳巨來「溥儒」...................................203
“Pu Ru”
Chen Julai (1904-1984), Republican period
71 民國 陳巨來「溥儒之印」...........................204
“Pu Ru zhi yin”
Chen Julai (1904-1984), Republican period
72 民國 陳巨來「心畬翰墨」...........................204
“Xinyu hanmo”
Chen Julai (1904-1984), Republican period
73 民國 陳巨來「溥儒」...................................205
“Pu Ru”
Chen Julai (1904-1984), Republican period
74 民國 陳巨來「心畬」...................................205
“Xinyu”
Chen Julai (1904-1984), Republican period
75 民國 陳巨來「溥儒」...................................206
“Pu Ru”
Chen Julai (1904-1984), Republican period
76 民國 王壯為「心畬」...................................206
“Xinyu”
Wang Chuang-wei (1909-1998), Republican period
77 民國 曾紹杰「溥儒印」...............................207
“Pu Ru yin”
Tseng Shao-chieh (1910-1988), Republican period
78 民國 林千石「溥儒之印」...........................207
“Pu Ru zhi yin”
Lin Qianshi (1918-1990), Republican period
79 民國 林千石「心畬」...................................208
“Xinyu”
Lin Qianshi (1918-1990), Republican period
80 民國 吳翔鴻「心畬」...................................208
“Xinyu”
Wu Hsiang-hung, Republican period
81 民國「溥儒」、「溥心畬印」........................209
“Pu Ru,” “Pu Xinyu yin”
Anonymous, Republican period (1911-present)
82 民國「溥儒」..................................................209
“Pu Ru”
Anonymous, Republican period (1911-present)
83 民國 趙鶴琴「無為小人儒」.......................210
“Wuwei xiaoren Ru”
Zhao Heqin (1894-1971), Republican period
84 民國 趙鶴琴「吾將此地巢雲松」..............210
“Wu jiang cidi chaoyun song”
Zhao Heqin (1894-1971), Republican period
85 民國 陳巨來「松巢客」...............................211
“Songchao ke”
Chen Julai (1904-1984), Republican period
86 民國 王壯為「寒玉堂」...............................211
“Hanyu tang”
Wang Chuang-wei (1909-1998), Republican period
87 民國 趙鶴琴「玉壺」...................................212
“Yuhu”
Zhao Heqin (1894-1971), Republican period
88 民國 陳巨來「玉壺」...................................212
“Yuhu”
Chen Julai (1904-1984), Republican period
89 民國 趙鶴琴「遁世無悶」...........................213
“Dunshi wu men”
Zhao Heqin (1894-1971), Republican period
90 民國 臺靜農「義熙甲子」...........................213
“Yixi jiazi”
Tai Chin-nung (1902-1990), Republican period
91 民國 陳巨來「羲皇上人」...........................214
“Xihuang shangren”
Chen Julai (1904-1984), Republican period
92 民國 陳巨來「只可自怡悅」.......................214
“Zhi ke zi yiyue”
Chen Julai (1904-1984), Republican period
93 民國 王壯為「模山範水」...........................215
“Moshan fanshui”
Wang Chuang-wei (1909-1998), Republican period
94 民國 林千石「垂虹」...................................215
“Chui hong”
Lin Qianshi (1918-1990), Republican period
95 民國 陳巨來「飛鴻」...................................216
“Fei hong”
Chen Julai (1904-1984), Republican period
96 民國 王壯為「雁在秋天」...........................216
“Yan zai qiutian”
Wang Chuang-wei (1909-1998), Republican period
97 民國「恨不十年讀書」..................................217
“Hen bu shinian dushu”
Anonymous, Republican period (1911-present)
98 「尚友古人」....................................................218
“Shangyou guren”
Anonymous
99 民國 張丹農「無量壽」...............................218
“Wuliangshou”
Zhang Dannong (1903-1975), Republican period
專論 ................................................................ 220
Essays (in Chinese)
文人畫最後一筆
―溥心畬書畫特展導論/劉芳如 ................. 221
The Last Stroke of Literati Painting: An Introduction
to the Special Exhibition of Painting and Calligraphy
by Pu Hsin-yu / Liu, Fang-ju
文人畫的實踐與超越
―以書入畫溥心畬/何炎泉 ........................... 238
The Practice and Transcendence of Literati Painting:
Pu Hsin-yu Applying Calligraphy to Painting / He,
Yan-chiuan
作品說明及款識印記 ............................ 246
Descriptions of the Works ........................ 284

編/著/譯者簡介

主 編:劉芳如
文字撰述:劉芳如、何炎泉、邱士華、浦莉安

序言/導讀

序 國立故宮博物院的典藏雖然主要奠基於清宮舊藏,但自文物遷臺,並在臺北外雙溪新建展館以來,透過受贈、收購和寄存等方式,復再增添質、量均頗為可觀的新典藏,恰可補苴舊藏文物之不足,讓美術史的發展脈絡得以代代傳承,延續不輟。其中,渡海來臺的著名書畫家,諸如于右任(1879-1964)、馬壽華(1893-1977)、溥心畬(1896-1963)、黃君璧(1898-1991)、張大千(1899-1983)、傅狷夫(1910-2007)等人的作品,都是深受大眾矚目的觀賞焦點。 目前故宮所典藏的溥心畬作品,已經凌駕於國內公私收藏。其中最大宗者,當屬1993年接受「溥心畬先生遺物託管小組」託管的150 件書法、293 件繪畫,以及文玩和印章。此外,劉德豐先生、朱銘源先生、何應欽先生、謝宏安先生等人的捐贈文物中,也都包含了溥心畬的作品。再加上故宮向民間私人藏家和機構購藏,總數已逾千筆,相較於本院其他的近現代書畫,明顯居冠。以此為基礎,近二十餘年來,故宮已相繼舉辦過多次專題展覽,讓國人對這位出身前清皇族的王孫畫家,建立進一步的認識及喜愛。今年適值溥心畬125 歲誕辰,故宮特於十月院慶期間,重新規劃推出「文人畫最後一筆—溥心畬書畫特展」,選展書法、繪畫和印章,共計99 組件,分成「古今連線」、「西山逸墨」、「丹青誌異」、「寶島采風」、「溥儒用印」等五個單元,具體演繹溥心畬的書畫源流,以及他精采多元的藝術面向。 「文人畫的最後一筆」是詩人周棄子(1912-1984)在溥心畬辭世後,對他的至高推崇。至於他在近現代美術史上的評價,除了上世紀20 年代即有的「南張北溥」美譽,將溥心畬與張大千並列為代表中國南方及北方藝壇的雙璧;來臺後,美術界所推舉的「渡海三家」,則是將溥心畬、張大千與黃君璧並列,分別標誌華北、華中、華南地區,三位傳統派國畫的中流砥柱。相較於張大千與黃君璧,溥心畬在三家之中,又特別以經史、詩文造詣超絕,奇幟獨樹。溥心畬自己,雖然始終不願意以畫家自居,但他融冶詩、書、畫於一爐,以及清勁脫俗的藝術風格,還是為他在近現代美術史上,註記下不容抹滅的文人畫家地位。 國立故宮博物院 院長 吳密察

分類 其他詳細資訊
  • 英文題名:The Last Stroke of Literati Painting: A Special Exhibition of Painting and Calligraphy by Pu Hsin-yu
  • 適用對象:成人(學術性)
  • 關鍵詞:書畫,博物館特,藝術,典藏
  • 附件:無附件
  • 頁/張/片數:304
授權資訊
  • 著作財產權管理機關或擁有者:國立故宮博物院
  • 取得授權資訊:聯絡處室: 姓名:林慧嫻 電話: 地址:台北市士林區至善路二段221號