This book features topic-based conversations. Each sen-tence is provided with translation and vocabulary. Every syllable is marked with music notes indicating the tone pattern. Here you learn not only vowels and consonants, tones and tone sandhi of words, but also tone sandhi rules applied to the whole sentence.
What makes this book unique: treating commonly used function words and special sentence patterns as independent units; explaining grammatical features; providing online resources, such as dictionaries and input methods. Slangs and idioms often used in daily life are also included.
How To Use This Book
To the Reader
1.1 〈knowledge〉 The Language and Its Speakers
1.2 〈conversation〉 Self-introduction (1)
1.3 〈conversation〉 Useful classroom expressions
2.1 〈knowledge〉 Vowels
2.2 〈lexicon〉 Useful expressions
2.3 〈lexicon〉 Fruit and snacks
2.4 〈conversation〉 Greeting
3.1 〈conversation〉 Self-introduction (2)
3.2 〈conversation〉 Borrowing things
4.1 〈knowledge〉 Consonants
4.2 〈lexicon〉 Family members and relatives
4.3 〈knowledge〉 Pronouns
4.4 〈lexicon〉 Numbers
5.1 〈activity〉 Huah tsiú-kûn / Tâi-uân-kûn
5.2 〈lexicon〉 Classifiers and measure words
5.3 〈conversation〉 Time and date
5.4 〈knowledge〉 Tones
6.1 〈conversation〉 Eating out
6.2 〈conversation〉 Ordering food
6.3 〈conversation〉 Talking about food
7.1 〈conversation〉 Hanging out
7.2 〈conversation〉 Bargaining
7.3 〈activity〉 Learning by singing
9.1 〈knowledge〉 Tone sandhi (1)
9.2 〈knowledge〉 Making a question
9.3 〈knowledge〉 Tone Sandhi (2)
10.1 〈conversation〉 Hobbies
10.2 〈activity〉 Learning by singing
11.〈knowledge〉 Pronouncing a sentence with the right tones- steps and tips
12.1 〈knowledge〉 Taiwanese Input Method
12.2 〈knowledge〉 Some General rules for You to Make
a Sentence in Taiwanese by yourself
12.3 〈knowledge〉 The object position - A small
13.1 〈conversation〉 Asking for directions
13.2 〈knowledge〉 Tone sandhi (3)
14.1 〈conversation〉 Occupations
14.2 〈activity〉 Learning by singing
15.1 〈lexicon〉 Grammatical Aspect
15.2 〈lexicon〉 Using verbs expressively
16.1 〈lexicon〉 Localizers and Location
16.2 〈lexicon〉 Some fixed expressions and
16.3 〈activity〉 Learning by singing
16.4 〈activity〉 Learning by singing
Seng-hian Lau is an Associate Professor in the Department of Taiwan Culture, Languages and Literature, National Taiwan Normal University. He received his Ph.D. in Linguistics from National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan. Since 2016, he has been teaching international students Taiwanese at universities. His research interests are comparative syntax, semantics and syntax-pragmatics interface.
To the Reader
To the Reader This book provides composite materials for learning Taiwanese, suitable for both autodidacts and instructed students. The romanization and characters used are standardized orthography promulgated by Tai-wan's Ministry of Education, a must-learn system if you aim to pass the proficiency test organized by the Ministry.
You will find musical notes, Do Re and Mi, under each example sentence. They give you a rough grasp of the tone pattern. You can ‘sing’ the sentences along and find them understandable to a native speaker. You may sound like a Taiwanese speaking robot, but never mind! It’s a useful tool before you master all the tones and san-dhi tones. They also help you read a sentence without consulting its audio file.
In this book, we do not confine ourselves to ‘proper lan-guage’. You also encounter words and phrases deemed impolite or rude on formal occasions. They help you comprehend the language in the everyday life context. Caution: think twice before uttering words or phrases marked ‘vulgar’.
Both teachers and students can use this book flexibly, according to their course designs or learning purposes. For example, you can use each unit of the lexicon as a vocabulary list for reference, and rearrange the words as you see fit. And there is no need to memorize all the words before moving on.
Due to lack of space, this book is limited only to the language, although extralinguistic information of culture, history, customs, etc. is always interesting and linguistically relevant. Teachers and students are encouraged to explore and communicate other aspects of Taiwan, which will eventually benefit your learning and understanding of the Taiwanese language.
- 關鍵詞：Taiwanese language